Business Loan Overview

Business loan helps traders, businessmen, and professionals to start or expand their commercial activities. The loan can be secured against collateral in the form of property, finished goods, etc, or can be availed without keeping any collateral security. This unsecured business loan is more expensive than a secured business loan.



Purpose of Loan


Business Loan can be availed for all business purposes like working capital requirement, purchasing of fixed assets, capacity expansion/ modernization, technology up-gradation, Research and Development, or any other short-term requirement



Loan Amount and Eligibility


The loan amount will depend on profit and years of business and cash flow Eligibility for business loans will vary from bank to bank and will depend on various factors. Your ability to repay the loan will be verified by the bank on the basis of your line of business, profitability, financial statements, etc. A self-employed individuals/business owner in the age group of 21 to 65 years can apply for a business loan. The annual turnover of the business will vary from bank to bank, The business needs to be in continuity for the last 3 years showing positive trends in turnover and profit for the last 2 years.





Business loans can be sanctioned for a fixed term (12-48 months) or may involve a revolving line of credit or they may be in the form of an overdraft facility.



Fees and Charges


Normally lender charges a fee of up to 2.5% of the loan amount towards the processing of the loan. The lender may charge you a penalty for the early closure of the loan.



Document Checklist


PAN Card – For Company /Firm/ individual.


Proof of your identity: Copy of Aadhaar Card/Passport/Voter’s ID card/Pan Card/Driving License


Proof of your address: Copy of Aadhaar Card/Passport/ Voter ID-Card/Driving License


Bank Statement (latest 6 months)


Latest ITR along with computation of income, Balance sheet and Profit & Loss a/c for the last 2 years. Financial should be CA Certified /Audited.

Proof of continuation (ITR/Trade license /Establishment /Sales Tax certificate)


Other Mandatory Documents (Sole Prop. Declaration Or Certified Copy of Partnership Deed, Certified true copy of Memorandum & Articles of Association (certified by Director) & Board resolution (Original)


Loan Service Providers


Some of the providers of business loans in India are the State Bank of India (SBI), HSBC Bank, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank, Fullerton India, Bajaj Finserv, etc.